19 January 2013
When Bosnia's National Library went up in flames in 1992 in a bombardment during the Bosnian Serb siege of Sarajevo, Mustafa Jahic knew he had to act to save his own institution's priceless collection.
As curator of the almost 500-year-old Gazi Husrev Bey Library, Jahic was guardian of a treasure trove of Islamic literature in the heart of Sarajevo, a city under siege during Bosnia's 1992-95 war.
The fruit of his and others' efforts will be rewarded next week when a new state-of-the-art library, a stone's throw from the original in the cobbled streets of Sarajevo's historic Bascarsija district, opens its doors.
"A unique book that is destroyed can never be restored again," said Jahic, 60.
"So for me to save a single book became tantamount to saving a human life. It steered me through the war."
Some 3 million books perished when the National Library and Sarajevo's Institute for Oriental Studies were razed in a bombardment by Bosnian Serb forces.
Fearing for his own library's 100,000 volumes, Jahic and a small team of fellow book lovers braved sniper fire to smuggle them in banana crates from one safe house to another, relocating at least eight times.
The most precious were finally placed in the vault of the central bank. On equipment brought in through a tunnel beneath the city airport, Jahic microfilmed scores of Arabic, Persian, Turkish and Bosnian scripts - priceless testimony to the rich and turbulent history of the Balkans.
Two decades later, the works are together again. Funded by a $9 million donation by the government of Qatar
, the library holds 25,000 manuscripts from across the Islamic world.
Many, displayed under glass, are considered masterpieces of calligraphy; others were printed on the first Islamic printing press in Istanbul, seat of the Ottoman Empire of which Bosnia was a part for four centuries.
The oldest manuscript - The Revival of the Islamic Sciences
(Ihya' `Uloom al-Din) by Al-Ghazali, a Muslim theologian, philosopher and mystic of Persian descent - dates from 1106.
The library also holds a vast archive of periodicals and the oldest Bosnian newspapers, wills and testaments and records of the old Sharia Court in Sarajevo. The original library premises, in the old town's Islamic school, survived the war but were deemed too small to continue housing the works.
To eliminate the threat that the items could one day be lost, "all manuscripts are digitized and copies are saved at three different places around the world," said Ahmed Alibasic, who chairs the library's management board.
There are plans for a website to provide access to a digitized collection of manuscripts.
The library's opening marks a rare step forward for Bosnia's cultural life, which since the war has been caught up in the ethnic politicking that has slowed the country's recovery and development.
Bosnia's Serbs, Croats and Muslims
were pitted against each other in the war and are still often divided on issues of national identity, culture and history. In late 2012, a row over funding
closed the doors of the 124-year-old National Museum, which had survived the conflict.
Jahic's library is named after its founder, Gazi Husrev Bey, who became Ottoman governor of Bosnia in 1521 and is regarded as the greatest builder of Sarajevo.
The Gazi Husrev-bey Library is located on the site of a famous mosque and Islamic school of the same name that was opened in 1531. The books and manuscripts were actually kept at that mosque and school from 1537-1863, then moved to another building.
Standing on the terrace of the new premises, looking out over the church towers and minarets that share the Sarajevo skyline, Jahic said he felt proud and fulfilled.
"Books are our past, our roots," he told Reuters. "Without the past, we have no present or future."
The reopening of the library was "a message to those who destroy and burn books and libraries that evil and hatred will never win," Bosnian President Bakir Izetbegovic said.
"Knowledge is a gift from God and our task is to transfer it," Bosnia's grand mufti Husein Kavazovic said at an official opening ceremony, attended also by Qatar's Minister for Religion and Islamic affairs Ghaith Bin Mubarak Al-Kuwari.
"Bosnian books saved from war find a new home" eNCA
January 18, 2013
Aida Cerkez, "Bosnia Opens Library to House Ancient Manuscripts" ABC News
January 15, 2013
"Bosnia opens library housing ancient Islamic manuscripts" AFP
January 16, 2013