Praise be to Allah.
Can you advise me as to how a seeker of knowledge can make a schedule to organise his time?
Praise be to Allah.
The status of the seeker of Islamic knowledge is great in Islam. Allah, may He be blessed and exalted, has praised knowledge and those who seek it, as He says (interpretation of the meaning):
Say: Are those who know equal to those who know not?' It is only men of understanding who will remember (i.e. get a lesson from Allahs Signs and Verses)
It is only those who have knowledge among His slaves that fear Allah
It was narrated that Humayd ibn Abd ar-Rahmaan said: I heard Muaawiyah say, when he was delivering a khutbah: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say: When Allaah wills good for a person, He deepens his knowledge of Islam.
Narrated by al-Bukhaari (71) and Muslim (1037).
It was narrated that Abu'd-Darda' said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) say: Whoever follows a path in the pursuit of knowledge, Allaah will make easy for him a path to Paradise. The angels lower their wings in approval of the seeker of knowledge, and everyone in the heavens and on earth prays for forgiveness for the seeker of knowledge, even the fish in the sea. The superiority of the scholar over the worshipper is like the superiority of the moon over all other heavenly bodies. The scholars are the heirs of the Prophets, for the Prophets did not leave behind dinars or dirhams, rather they left behind knowledge, so whoever takes it has taken a great share.
Narrated by at-Tirmidhi (2682), Abu Dawood (3541) and Ibn Maajah (223); classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh at-Targheeb, 1/17
Islamic knowledge brings a person the good of this world and of the Hereafter; it takes precedence over all other branches of knowledge, especially if one's intention is pure.
See the answer to question no. 10471
The best thing you can spend your time on when beginning to seek knowledge is memorising the Book of Allah, may He be glorified and exalted. This is the best thing in which people may compete and strive, and it is the best thing on which the seeker of knowledge may focus his efforts.
See the answer to question no. 14035 for information on the advantages of memorising the Book of Allah.
See the answers to questions no. 7966 and 11561 for information on the basic principles of memorising the Book of Allah.
One of the things that will make things easier for the seeker of knowledge is to have many shaykhs and scholars from whom he can learn. The quickest way to seek knowledge and the best way to attain the goal is if Allah makes it easy for him to find one shaykh or scholar among the scholars of the Sunnah, from whom he may acquire knowledge directly. See the answer to question no. 22037.
With regard to organising your time, it may be as follows.
Have fixed times for regular things every day, such as a time for sleeping, a time for meals, a time for visits, a time for gatherings, a time for revision.
One of the things that will help you make the most of your time and save time is to put a stop to time wasters such as sleeping, eating and drinking too much, or meeting people except for Islamically beneficial purposes. You should also avoid time wasters such as means of entertainment like TV shows, soap operas, newspapers, magazines, games, sports matches and competitions.
Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The seeker of knowledge must make the most of his time and avoid wasting time. Wasting time may take the following forms:
1. Failing to review and revise what he reads
2. Sitting with his friends and engaging in idle talk in which is no benefit
3. The most harmful time waster for the seeker of knowledge is when he has no interest except finding out about people, what they are saying and what they are doing, with regard to a matter that does not concern him. This undoubtedly stems from a weakness of commitment to Islam, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: Part of a person's being a good Muslim is leaving alone that which does not concern him. Narrated by at-Tirmidhi, 2318; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani.
Focusing on who said what and asking a lot of questions is a waste of time. In fact it is a kind of sickness which if it affects a person - we ask Allah to keep us safe and sound - will become his main focus and concern and he may end up showing a hostile attitude towards one who does not deserve enmity, or he may be friendly towards one who does not deserve friendship, because of his interest in these matters that are distracting him from seeking knowledge, on the grounds that this is part of supporting the truth. But that is not the case; rather this comes under the heading of being distracted by that which does not concern one. But if news comes to you without you seeking it or looking for it, everyone receives news but you should not be preoccupied with it or focus on it, because this causes distraction for the seeker of knowledge and may confuse him, and it opens the door to partisanship and division amongst the ummah.
Kitaab al-Ilm, p. 143-144
Another matter that is detrimental to the issue of organising one's time and making the most of it is procrastination. Procrastination is a severe disease that deprives one of many good things in this world and in the Hereafter.
One of the best ways of succeeding in this world is to keep yourself busy at all times with that which is best for you and most beneficial for you in the Hereafter, as Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: The best act of worship is to strive to please the Lord at all times by doing that which is most appropriate and is expected at any particular time.
Madaarij as-Saalikeen, 1/88
Investing one's time as much as one can and not wasting a single moment in anything that is not an act of obedience or worship. Our early generations (may Allah have mercy on them) set an amazing example of making the most of their time. All seekers of Qur'anic knowledge were keen to study under Abu Naeem al-Asfahaani (d. 430) and every day one of them would have his turn and he would study whatever he wanted with the Shaykh until just before Zuhr. Then when he got up to go home, another student might recite a juz' to him on the way (for him to listen and correct), and he never showed any impatience.
Saleem ar-Raazi was a Shaafai. One day he went home and came back, and he said: I recited a juz' on my way. Al-Haafiz adh-Dhahabi (may Allah have mercy on him) said in his biography of al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadi: The khateeb used to walk with a juz' in his hand, which he would study.
For forty years, Ibn Asaakir (may Allah have mercy on him) - as his son said - did not focus on anything except matters of knowledge, even during his free time or when he was alone. He always had with him books of knowledge and the Qur'an, which he would read and memorise. They were always keen to make the most of their time by doing more than one thing at the same time. If the pen became blunt and he needed to sharpen it, one of them would move his lips with remembrance of Allah whilst fixing his pen, or he would review things that he had memorised lest any time pass without him doing something useful.
Abu'l-Wafa' Ali ibn Aqeel (may Allah have mercy on him) said: I do not allow myself to waste even one hour of my life; even when I am not reading anything or reciting anything, I would think whilst I am resting of some issues of knowledge and I will not get up until I have come up with something I can write down.
Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allah have mercy on him) said: I know someone who fell sick with a headache and fever, and his book was beside his head. When he was awake he would read, and when he fell asleep he would put it down.
With regard to making a schedule and organising one's time, that may be done as follows:
The program of the seeker of knowledge begins at dawn, which is the time for memorisation of Qur'an and hadeeth. The best time for memorising - especially memorising Qur'an - is the time just before dawn and after Fajr prayer, when the mind is clear and it is easier to memorise. So the seeker of knowledge prays in the mosque and remains there until sunrise or afterwards, memorising and reviewing what he has memorised. When he has finished that, he begins to memorise texts of knowledge - the texts of hadeeth, fiqh, usool and Arabic language.
If he has a job or is in school, he goes to it. Otherwise he spends the rest of the morning memorising and revising until Zuhr, then he takes a siesta and rests a little.
As for the afternoon, it is for studying and reading, or studying with others, or discussion and reviewing issues of knowledge with others.
After Maghrib, he attends study circles and after Isha' he reviews what he has learnt or he may read a new book.
It should be noted that what we have mentioned here comes under the heading of organising time in general terms. Each student should organise his time according to his circumstances, whether he is working or not, whether he is married or single, whether he devotes all his time to Islamic knowledge or he has some other preoccupations, and so on. What matters with regard to organising time is that there should be some hours of the day and night in which he makes himself memorise and read. People tend to want to rest and like to be somewhat lazy, so he should train himself to work hard and be active, and he should make himself get used to being organised and adhere to doing acts of worship and obedience. Otherwise he will have wasted his day and then he will have wasted his life.
For information on how to seek knowledge, see the answer to question no. 20191
For information on the etiquette of seeking knowledge, see the answer to question no. 10324
See also the lecture, Kayfa yunazzim al-Muslim waqtahu (How the Muslim should organise his time) which is transcribed here:
And Allah knows best.