Is the fasting of Ramadaan only taken up by zakaat al-fitr? .
18 Aug 2012 10:12 GMT
 
direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">It says in Fataawa al-Lajnah ad-Daa’imah (4/136): It is permissible to translate the meanings of the Qur’aan into a language other than Arabic, just as it is permissible to comment on its meaning in Arabi (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">Based on that, it is permissible for a person to touch a translation of the meanings of the Qur’aan in a language other than Arabic and a tafseer that is written in Arabic when he does not have wudoo’.&nb (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">With regard to that, there are commands in the Qur'aan and Sunnah to the Muslims, instructing them to call people to affirm the Oneness of Allah (Tawheed), and to offer their wealth, time and selves for that purpose. (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">“And We have enjoined on man (to be dutiful and good) to his parents. His mother bore him in weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning is in two years give thanks to Me and to your parents, un (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">But if they (both) strive with you to make you join in worship with Me others that of which you have no knowledge, then obey them not, but behave with them in the world kindly, and follow the path of him who turns to (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">Islam advises us to treat neighbours kindly, even if they are not Muslim.

Al-Qurtubi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:

I say: based on that, kind treatment of neighbours is enjoined and is recommended, whether they are Muslim or not. And this is the right thing to do. Kind treatment may be in the sense of helping or it may be in the (more)direction:ltr;unicode-bidi:embed">Concerning that Allah, may He be exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):

Praise be to Allaah.

Is it true that the fasting of Ramadaan is suspended between heaven and earth and is only taken up by zakaat al-fitr?.

Praise be to Allaah.

A hadeeth concerning this was narrated from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) but it is da'eef (weak).

In al-Jaami' al-Sagheer, al-Suyooti attributed it to Ibn Shaheen in his Targheeb: It was narrated from al-Diya' from Jareer ibn ‘Abd-Allaah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: “The month of Ramadaan is suspended between heaven and earth and is not taken up to Allaah except by zakaat al-fitr.”

It was classed as da'eef by al-Suyooti. Al-Mannaawi explained the reason for that in Fayd al-Qadeer, where he said: It was narrated by Ibn al-Jawzi in al-Waahiyaat and he said: it is not saheeh; its isnaad includes Muhammad ibn ‘Ubayd al-Basri who is majhool (unknown).

It was also classed as da'eef by al-Albaani in Silsilat al-Ahaadeeth al-Da'eefah (43). He said: Even if the hadeeth were saheeh, the apparent meaning is that acceptance of the Ramadaan fast is dependent upon payment of sadaqat al-fitr, and if a person does not pay it, his fast will not be accepted, but I do not know of any scholar who says that … and the hadeeth is not saheeh. End quote.

As the hadeeth is not saheeh, no one can say that the fast of Ramadaan is only accepted with zakaat al-fitr, because no one can know that except the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

It is proven in Sunan Abi Dawood that Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined zakaat al-fitr as a purification for the fasting person from idle speech and obscene talk, and to feed the poor.” Classed as hasan by al-Albaani in Saheeh Sunan Abi Dawood.

This hadeeth explains the wisdom behind zakaat al-fitr, which is to make up for any shortfall that occurred during fasting. It does not say that fasting will not be accepted without zakaat al-fitr.

And Allaah knows best.

Reproduced from Islam QA

-- Islam QA


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