Is it permissible for the purpose of sharâi ruqyah to try to choose verses, saheeh hadeeths and proven duâaaâs? Or is it obligatory to follow what is the proven in the saheeh hadeeths that speak specifically of ruqyah as prescribed in shareeâah?.
Praise be to Allaah.
If the one who performs ruqyah does so by reciting general verses of the Qur'aan or general prayers seeking refuge with Allah or other duaa's for ruqyah, or whatever Allah may inspire him with of saheeh duaa's that are appropriate to the situation, without restricting it to the specific ruqyahs that have been narrated, there is nothing wrong with that in sha Allah, because of the general meaning of the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him: Whoever among you is able to benefit his brother, let him do so. Narrated by Ahmad, 13973; classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh al-Jaami, 6019
And the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: There is nothing wrong with a ruqyah that does not involve shirk. Narrated by Muslim, 2200.
Al-Haafiz Ibn Hajar (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The scholars are unanimously agreed that ruqya is permissible if three conditions are met:
It should be done by reciting the words of Allah, may He be exalted, or His names and attributes, and in Arabic or in a language the meaning of which is understood, and with the belief that ruqyah has no effect in and of itself; rather it is only effective by the will of Allah, may He be exalted.
They differed as to whether that is a condition; the correct view is that it is essential to pay attention to the above-mentioned conditions. In Saheeh Muslim it is narrated that Awf ibn Maalik said: We used to recite ruqyahs during the jaahiliyyah, and we said: O Messenger of Allaah, what do you think about that? He said: Recite your ruqyahs to me. There is nothing wrong with a ruqyah that does not involve shirk.
And he narrated from Jaabir: The Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) forbade ruqyah, then the family of Amr ibn Hazm came to the Messenger of Allaah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) and said: O Messenger of Allaah, we had a ruqyah that we used to recite for scorpion stings, but you have forbidden ruqyah. They recited it to him and he said: I do not see anything wrong with it. Whoever among you can benefit his brother, let him do so.
Some scholars adhered to this general meaning and regarded as permissible any ruqyah that brings benefits even if the meaning does not make sense. But the hadeeth of Awf indicates that any ruqyah that leads to shirk is forbidden, and anything that does not make sense cannot be guaranteed not to lead to shirk, so it is forbidden as a precaution. And the final condition is essential. â¦ al-Qurtubi said: Whatever (ruqyah) is by reciting the words or names of Allah is permissible; if it is narrated in a report (from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him)) it is mustahabb.
End quote from Fath al-Baari, 10/195
Al-Khattaabi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
With regard to ruqyah, what is forbidden is that which is not in Arabic, because it is not known what it means and perhaps it may involve witchcraft or kufr (disbelief). But if the meaning is clear and it contains mention of Allah, may He be exalted, then it is permissible to use it for ruqyah.
End quote from Maaalim as-Sunan, 4/226
Ibn Uthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
Ruqyah is of four types: that which is mentioned in the Sunnah - it is prescribed and mustahabb to use it as ruqyah; that which is shirk or bidah - it is haraam to use it as ruqyah; that which is a permissible duaa' in which there is no shirk or bidah, but it is not something that was narrated from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him and his family) - it is permissible to use this as ruqyah. Hence the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said concerning ruqyah: There is nothing wrong with it so long as it is not shirk.
End quote from Fataawa Noor ala ad-Darb, 6/14
See also the answer to question no. 141669
And Allah knows best.