Muslims believe that, through the ages, God has sent Prophets to mankind. Specifically, the Prophets of Islam are human beings – absolutely not divine – that God has chosen to deliver a message to mankind. The Prophets of Islam received God's revelation and urged their followers to worship God. Muslims believe that every Prophet that God sent preached the belief in a single, unique God – Allah, the Arabic word for God. The Prophets of Islam also preached the importance of avoiding sin and of ending polytheistic practices and idolatry.
Muslims believe that there were many prophets throughout history, including Moses and Jesus, and that many of these prophets also foretold the coming of God's last messenger, the Prophet Muhammad. Muslims also believe that each Prophet adapted his message to a different group of people and time period, but that every prophet preached Islam. While non-Muslims consider that Islam started with the Prophet Muhammad, Muslims believe that the prophet Muhammad was the last of a long line of messengers from God, all of whom taught the same faith that Adam (the first human being) professed and passed on to his offspring.
Many Muslims believe that every nation in the world received prophets from God. The Prophet Muhammad received the revelation of the Qur'an, a message that is universal. Muslims believe that the Qur'an is the final, universal revelation of God. Muslims believe that divinely-inspired scriptures such as the Torah, revealed to Moses; the Gospel, revealed to Jesus; and the Psalms, revealed to the prophet David, were meant for the people of a particular place and historical period. Muslims believe that the revelation contained in these holy books belongs to Islam; but that they were corrupted by the people they were revealed to. However, there were other prophets that were sent to correct any corrupted beliefs and to reveal God's word. Muslims believe that the Qur'an, revealed to the Prophet Muhammad, is an incorruptible holy book that will remain until Judgment Day and the end of times.
Most of the Prophets of Islam are also mentioned in the Bible. However, there are some that are unique to Islam. The Qur'an mentions that some of these prophets were endowed with wisdom, with a gift from God. While many of the same miracles associated with some prophets are mentioned in the Qur'an, it is important to point out that Muslims believe that these miracles were God's actions. Islam also has a different viewpoint of many of the prophets it shares with Judaism and Christianity. One example is the Muslim view of Jesus, considered the last prophet before the prophet Muhammad. Muslims believe that Jesus did not die at the cross, but that he was saved by God. Muslims await the second coming of Jesus, much like Christians do. However, Muslims do not assign any kind of divinity to Jesus. The very idea of God having a son is blasphemous to Muslims and contrary to Islam.
-- Al Arabiya Digital