We know from the hadîth that on the Day of Judgment our body parts will speak and bear witness to our actions. However, there is also the hadîth about the three who will be dragged by their faces into the fire – a martyr in Allah’s cause, a scholar, and a wealthy philanthropist. They will testify to their good deeds, but they will be lying because they did those deeds to show off to others. How can it be that these people will be able to lie when their body parts will bear witness against them?
Sheikh Sulaymân al-Qasîr, professor at al-Imâm University
The three people mentioned in this authentic hadîth [Sahîh Muslim (1905)] will lie at the beginning, before their limbs are made to testify, because a witness does not speak before the one to be witnessed against has spoken.
This is because these works seem outwardly to be for the sake of Allah, but inwardly they are really to show off to people and to earn their praise. This is something that no one knows about except for Allah.
Allah says: “That day shall We set a seal upon their mouths but their hands will speak to Us, and their feet bear witness to all that they did.” [Sûrah Yasîn: 65]
Ibn Kathîr said in his commentary of this verse:
This is the condition of the unbelievers and the hypocrites on the Day of Judgment when they deny what they have done in the worldly life and swear that they never did it. At that time, Allah will seal their mouths and allow their limbs to speak.
Anas b. Malik relates:
We were in the company of Allah's Messenger (peace be upon him) when he laughed until we could see his teeth. He said: “Do you know why I laughed?”
We said: “Allah and His Messenger know best.”
Thereupon he said: “It was because of a talk that a servant will have with his Lord (on the Day of Judgment). He will say: ‘My Lord, have you not guaranteed me protection against injustice?’ He will say: ‘Yes.’ Then the servant will say: ‘I do not deem valid any witness against me but my own self’ He will say: ‘Well enough will be the witness of yourself against you and that of the two angels who had been appointed to record your deeds.’ Then a seal will be set upon his mouth and his hands and feet will be commanded to speak and they would speak of his deeds. Then his mouth would be made free to talk and he will say (to his hands and feet): ‘Be off with you and may you perish. It was for your safety that I contended.’” [Sahîh Muslim: (2969)]
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said in the long hadîth about the Day of Resurrection:
…Then a third one will be brought and Allah will say to him as He said before. And he will reply: “O, my Lord, I affirmed my faith in You and in Your Book and in Your Messenger and I observed prayer and fasted and gave in charity…” and he will speak in good terms like this as far as he will be able to do.
And Allah will say: “Shall We will not bring fourth our witnesses against you?”
The man will think in his mind who is it that would bear witness against him. Then his mouth would have a seal set upon it and his thigh will be commanded to speak. Then his thighs, his flesh, and his bones will bear witness to his deeds.
This is the hypocrite, and this will be done so that he should not be able to make any excuse for himself, and he it is whom Allah’s wrath will be upon. [Sahîh Muslim: (2968)]
And Allah knows best.
Source: Islam Today
-- Al Arabiya Digital