Parents' permission for participation in war.Is there any sin on me if I enlist during wartime even though my parents have refused to give me permission?
25 Aug 2011 12:57 GMT
 
Is there any sin on me if I enlist during wartime even though my parents have refused to give me permission?

Answered by

the Permanent Committee of Saudi Arabia for Fatwâ and Research

Serving in the defense of the Muslims is one of the best deeds along with being kind to parents. If someone wishes to enlist, he needs his parents’ permission. He may not go for war without their permission. Instead, he has to accompany them kindly. Serving one's parents is itself a form of striving (jihad) for the sake of Allah.

Ibn Mas`ûd said: “I asked the Prophet (peace be upon him) what deed is dearer to Allah?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Praying on time.” I said: “Then which?” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Being kind to parents.” I asked: “Then which?” He said: “Jihâd for the sake of Allah.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) told me up to this and if I asked more he would have told me more.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]

`Abd Allah b. `Umar related that a man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and asked his permission to join in the military effort. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him: “Are your parents alive?” The man replied: “Yes.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “By serving them you perform jihad.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî, Sunan al-Nasâ’î, Sunan, Abî Dâwûd and Sunan al-Tirmidhî]

In another narration, a man came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: “O, Messenger of Allah I want to join you in the military effort, and I have come to you while my parents are crying.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Go back to them and let them laugh just like you made them cry.” [Musnad Ahmad, Sunan, Abî Dâwûd and Sunan Ibn Mâjah]

In another narration, Abû Sa`îd related that a man emmigrated to the Prophet (peace be upon him) from Yemen. The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him: “Do you have relatives there?” He said: “My parents.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked: “Did they permit you to leave?” He said: “No.” The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Go back to them and get their permission. Otherwise, accompany them in kindness.” [Sunan, Abî Dâwûd]

Mu`âwiyah b. Jâhimah al-Sulamî said: “Jâhimah came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: 'O Messenger of Allah! I want to join in the military effort, and I have come to consult you.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) asked him: 'Is your mother alive?' He said: 'Yes.' The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: 'Be with her, for verily, Paradise is at her feet'.” [Musnad Ahmad and Sunan Ibn Mâjah]

All these rules apply when fighting is not obligatory upon the individual in question. It becomes obligatory when the Muslim ruler declares a general struggle and conscripts you in particular to go to war. It is also obligatory for a soldier already engaged in battle in defense of the state. In such cases, the person may not listen to his parents as no one is allowed to give priority to people over Allah’s command.

May peace and blessing be upon our Prophet Muhammad.

[Source: National Fatâwâ Committee, Volume 12 page 15-18]

Source: Islam Today



-- Al Arabiya Digital


© islamonline.com