Could you please clarify to me the teachings of Ghulam Ahmad and give me a ruling on this group called the Ahmadiyyah?
Sheikh `Abd al-`Azîz b. Bâz
Some of the teachings of Ghulam Ahmad show very clearly that he and anyone else who believes in them or calls others to them is an unbeliever. Some of them are as follows:
1. Ghulam Ahmad believes that all the rulings that appear in the Qur’ân relating to laws of inheritance and other monetary matters were meant for a limited period of time. In the future, a new system, which he calls the interest system, would appear and the rulings of the Qur’ân would cease to be in affect.
2. Ghulam Ahmad claims that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to derive rulings from the Qur’ân and those rulings became Islamic Law. Likewise, those who come after him as members of the central government also derive legal rulings from the Qur’ân and those rulings become the Islamic Law for that day and time. The people at that later time are not responsible to adhere to the Islamic Law of the previous era. This applies to every aspect of the Law, including worship, transaction law, and ethics. This, according to him, is why the Qur’ân did not give details about the prescribed acts of worship.
3. Ghulam Ahmad claims that when Allah says: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you” [Sûrah al-Nisâ’: 59], He means by "obedience to Allah and His Messenger" that we must obey the central government of the state, and when Allah refers to "those in authority", He means the agencies of that government. The central government, therefore, has the independent jurisdiction to enact the legislation of Islamic Law. Every central government that comes after the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him) has the same position with respect to the Law as the Prophet (peace be upon him) had.
The command to obey Allah and His Messenger does not refer to the Qur’ân and Sunnah, but to the central government. According to Ghulam Ahmad, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was obeyed in his time only because he had been the head of state for the central government.
4. According to Ghulam Ahmad, the Qur’ân makes it clear that the Messenger (peace be upon him) does not have the right to be obeyed nor may he command the people to obey him. Obedience to Allah and His Messenger is nothing other than obedience to the central religious authority that derives its legal rulings from the Qur’ân and not the Sunnah.
5. Paradise and Hell are not physical realities. They are states that a person is in.
6. Belief in Allah’s divine decree is a deception fabricated by the Magians and incorporated into Islamic beliefs.
There are many other aspects of his beliefs that are equally heinous.
You can see how he denies paradise and Hell and Allah’s decree which are matters clearly stated in the Qur’ân. He replaces obedience to Allah and His Messenger with obedience to the state.
Allah says: “And whoever desires a religion other than Islam, it will never be accepted from him and he will be in the Hereafter among the losers.” [Sûrah Al `Imrân: 85] Ghulam Ahmad does not accept the meaning of this verse.
Allah says: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger and those in authority among you. And if you dispute in a matter, refer it back to Allah and His Messenger if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. This is better and more suitable in the final determination.” [Surah al-Nisâ’: 59]
Allah also says: “The rule is only for Allah. He commands that you worship none but Him. This is the upright faith.” [Sûrah Yûsuf: 40]
Allah also says: “Whatever it is you dispute about, its ruling is with Allah.” [Sûrah al-Shûrâ: 10]
It should be clear from these verses that Ghulam Ahmad is an unbeliever who effectively denies the Qur’ân and the Prophet (peace be upon him) as well as the Sunnah.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “Every Prophet was sent specifically to his own people, but I was sent to all humanity.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî and Sahîh Muslim]
The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said: “Every one of my followers will enter Paradise except those who refuse.” The people asked him: Who would refuse? He replied: “Whoever obeys me will enter Paradise. Whoever disobeys me has refused.” [Sahîh al-Bukhârî]
In the Qur’ân, Allah gives the following command to the Prophet (peace be upon him): “Say: O humanity! I am Allah’s Messenger to you all.” [Sûrah al-A`râf: 158]
Allah also says: “Whoever obeys the Messenger has indeed obeyed Allah.” [Sûrah al-Nisâ’: 80]
Ghulam Ahmad rejects that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was sent to all humanity. According to Ghulam Ahmad, he was only to be obeyed during his lifetime as a political leader, not because he was a Messenger.
There is consensus among all Muslims that a person becomes an unbeliever if he rejects Allah or His Messenger (peace be upon him) even in the smallest of matters, or deems it permissible to leave the faith, or claims that Muhammad (peace be upon him) was sent only to the Arabs. The unbelief of Ghulam Ahmad should, therefore, be obvious to any Muslim.
Source: Islam Today
-- Al Arabiya Digital