Praise be to Allaah.
Some Muslims celebrate the middle of Shabaan, fasting on that day and spending that night in prayer (qiyaam). There is a hadeeth concerning that which is not saheeh, hence the scholars regarded celebrating this day as an innovation (bid ah).
Muhammad Abd al-Salaam al-Shuqayri said: Imam al-Fatni said in Tadhkirat al-Mawdooaat: Among the innovations that have been introduced on Laylat an-Nusf (mid-Shabaan) is al-Salaat al-Alfiyyah, which is one hundred rakahs in which Soorat al-Ikhlaas is recited ten times in each rakah, offered in congregation; they pay more attention to this than to Jumuah and Eid prayers, although there is no report concerning it, except daeef (weak) and mawdoo (fabricated) reports, and we should not be deceived by the fact that these reports were quoted by the authors of al-Qoot and al-Ihya' and others, nor should we be deceived by what was mentioned in Tafseer al-Thalabi, that it is Laylat al-Qadr. End quote.
Al-Iraaqi said: The hadeeth about the prayer on Laylat al-Nisf (mid-Shabaan) is false. Ibn al-Jawzi narrated it in al-Mawdooaat (which is a compilation of fabricated hadeeths):
Chapter on the hadeeth, prayer and supplication on Laylat al-Nisf:
The hadeeth, When the night of nisf Shabaan' (mid-Shabaan) comes, spend the night in prayer and fast on that day was narrated by Ibn Maajah from Ali. Muhashiyyah said: (It was also narrated) in al-Zawaa'id. Its isnaad is daeef (weak) because of the weakness of Ibn Abi Basrah, of whom Ahmad and Ibn Maeen said: He fabricates hadeeth. End quote.
Praying six rakahs on Laylat al-Nisf with the intention of warding off calamity, having a long life and being independent of people, and reciting Ya-Seen and offering duaa' in between that -- there is no doubt that this is something that has been introduced into the religion and is contrary to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). The commentator on al-Ihya' said: This prayer is well known in the books of later Sufi masters, but I have not seen any saheeh report in the Sunnah to support it and the connected duaa'. Rather this is the action of some shaykhs. Our companions said: It is makrooh to gather on any of the nights mentioned in the mosques or elsewhere. Al-Najm al-Ghayti said, describing spending the night of al-Nisf min Shbaan (mid-Shabaan) praying in congregation: That was denounced by most of the scholars of the Hijaz, including Ata' and Ibn Abi Mulaykah, the fuqaha' of Madinah and the companions of Maalik. They said: All of that is an innovation (bidah) and there is no report to suggest that the Prophet spent that night in praying in congregation or that his Companions did that either. Al-Nawawi said: The prayers of Rajab and Shabaan are two reprehensible innovations. End quote from al-Sunan wa'l-Mubtadaaat, p. 144
Al-Fatni (may Allah have mercy on him) said, after the comments quoted above: The common folk are so infatuated with this prayer that they stored up a lot of fuel for it and many evils resulted from it, and many transgressions are committed which we do no need to describe. (It is so bad that) the close friends of Allah feared His punishment and fled into the wilderness. The first time this prayer occurred was in Bayt al-Maqdis (Jerusalem) in 448 AH. Zayd ibn Aslam said: We never saw any of our shaykhs or fuqaha' saying that Laylat al-Baraa'ah (15 Shabaan) had any superiority over other nights. Ibn Dihyah said: The hadeeths about the prayer on Laylat al-Baraa'ah are fabricated and one has an interruption in the isnaad. Anyone who acts upon a report which is known to be false is a servant of the Shaytaan.
End quote from Tadhkirat al-Mawdooaat by al-Fatni, p. 45
See: al-Mawdooaat by Ibn al-Jawzi, 2/127; al-Manaar al-Muneef fil Saheeh wa'l-Daeef by Ibn al-Qayyim, p. 98; al-Fawaa'id al-Majmooah by al-Shawkaani, p. 51
Some people use the word al-Shabaaniyyah to refer to the last days of Shabaan, and say, These are the days of bidding farewell to food, and they take advantage of these days to eat a lot before Ramadan begins. Some scholars say that this idea was originally taken from the Christians, who used to do that as their fasting period (Lent) approached.
To sum up, there is no celebration in Shabaan and there is no special act of worship to be performed in the middle of it or during the last days of the month. Doing that is an innovation that has been introduced into the religion.
And Allah knows best.