Praise be to Allaah.
What is narrated about reciting Soorat al-Hashr in Fajr prayer is not a hadeeth and is not the words of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him). Rather it is narrated that this was the practice of âAli ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him).
âUthmaan ibn Abi Safiyyah narrated from âAli ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him) that he recited Soorat al-Hashr and Soorat al-Jumuâah in Fajr prayer on Friday.
Ibn Abi Shaybah narrated in al-Musannaf (1/471) with his isnaad: Wakeeâ told us, from al-Hasan ibn Saalih, from his father, from âUthmaan ibn Abi Safiyyahâ¦
We say: This is an isnaad that is not saheeh, because of âUthmaan ibn Abi Safiyyah, the one who narrated it from âAli. We researched his biography and we did not find any scholar who spoke of him , whether in good terms or bad. So the verdict is that the hadeeth is mawqoof unless the status of this narrator is explained. See: Tahdheeb al-Tahdheeb, 7/113
But despite that we say: even if we assume that this report is saheeh, there is nothing wrong with reciting Soorat al-Hashr in Fajr prayer occasionally, as âAli ibn Abi Taalib (may Allah be pleased with him) did, but that is on condition that one does not believe that there is a special virtue in this action or that it is a special sunnah from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him), and one should not do it regularly.
We have previously pointed out the weakness of a hadeeth that is quoted about reciting the last verses of Soorat al-Hashr in the morning adhkaar, in the answer to question no. 125029, which you may refer to.
After an intensive search in the books of hadeeth, we did not find any saheeh hadeeth that speaks in particular of Soorat al-Dukhaan and its virtues or reward, or that recommends reciting it at a certain time. Everything that has been narrated concerning that is daâeef and odd.
For example, there is the hadeeth narrated from Abu Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him), according to which the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: âWhoever recites Ha-Meem al-Dukhaan on the night before Friday, will be forgiven.â
This was narrated by al-Tirmidhi (2889); he classed it as daâeef by saying: This is a hadeeth which we only know through this isnaad. Hishaam Abuâl-Miqdaam is daâeef and al-Hasan did not hear from Abu Hurayrah. This was the view of Ayyoob, Yoonus ibn âUbayd and âAli ibn Zayd.
Ibn al-Jawzi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
This hadeeth with all of its isnaads is false and has no basisâ¦ Then he quoted al-Daaraqutni as saying: This hadeeth was narrated as both marfooâ and mawqoof, but none of it can be proven to be sound. End quote from al-Mawdooâaat, 1/247.
It was also classed as daâeef by al-Albaani in Daâeef al-Tirmidhi.
We also did not find anything to indicate that it is mustahabb to recite ten verses of Soorat al-Baqarah on Thursday.
On our website there are a number of answers which point to the virtues of various soorahs and aayahs of the Qurâaan, in which we have quoted a lot of saheeh hadeeths which speak of the virtues of reciting specific soorahs or specific aayahs at certain times or in certain circumstances. You can read these questions on our site in the section on The Virtues of the Qurâaan.
And Allah knows best.