Praise be to Allaah.
The adhkaar for morning and evening â which are also called the adhkaar of day and night or the adhkaar of the two ends of the day â are adkhaar and duâaaâs that a person says on his own, between him and his Lord, may He be exalted. It was not the practice of the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) or his Companions to recite them together. If they are recited together, that is a blameworthy innovation (bidâah). Ways of reciting them together which are innovations include the following:
1. When they are recited together in unison.
2. When they are recited together with a leader, so the leader of the group recites them and the people present recite them after him, or they say Ameen to his duâaaâ when he says duâaaâ.
There is no difference in the ruling whether the dhikr comes from a person or from a recorder or radio or satellite channel. The program âAdhkaar al-Sabaah waâl-Masaââ has become widespread on many Islamic channels, but they should tell the people about the ruling on repeating it with the program or after it.
It was narrated that Abuâl-Bakhtari said: A man told Ibn Masâood (may Allah be pleased with him) that some people sat in the mosque after Maghrib, among whom was a man who said: Magnify Allah (say âAllah akbarâ) this many times, and glorify Allah (say âSubhaan Allahâ) this many times, and praise Him (say âal-hamdu Lillahâ) this many times. âAbd-Allah said: If you see them doing that, then come to me and tell me about it. When they gathered, the man came to him and told him, and âAbd-Allah ibn Masâood came and said: By the One besides Whom there is no other god, you have brought a wrongful innovation, or you think you have surpassed the Companions of Muhammad in knowledge. âAmr ibn âUtbah said: We ask Allah for forgiveness. He said: You have to adhere to the path and not drift from it; if you drift right or left you will go far astray.
Narrated by al-Daarimi (1/68, 69) and by Ibn Waddaah in al-Bidaâ (p. 8-10) via a number of isnaads from Ibn Masâood. Also narrated by al-Suyooti in al-Amr biâl-Ittibaaâ (p. 83, 84); the reviewer said: The report is saheeh in all its isnaads.
Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The wird for morning and evening consists of duâaaâs and adkhaar that are connected to time; the Muslim should limit himself to what is proven from the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) in the manner that is proven. So he should recite them on his own, in a humble and quiet manner. Hence anything that is added to that, such as reciting the prescribed wird in unison, or if one person recites it and the rest repeat after him or say Ameen, whilst swaying or standing, all of these are innovations that have been added, and it is proven that the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: âWhoever introduces anything into this matter of ours that is not of it will have it rejected.â
Tasheeh al-Duâaaâ, p. 349
See another quotation from Shaykh Bakr Abu Zayd in the answers to questions no. 105644 and 132538.
An exception from this prohibition is made in the case of one who is listening to the adhkaar for morning and evening directly from another person or on a CD or via the satellite channel, if it is with the aim of learning the proper pronunciation and wording, such as if he does not read very well and needs someone to correct his recitation of the adhkaar, or he is an ordinary person who does not have a good memory, so he needs to repeat it behind someone else because he cannot memorise it, so long as he only does that for a while and then stops it when he has achieved what he wanted. When he has learned to recite them by himself, he should do without that repetition. The same applies if he manages to learn them properly and memorise them.
Imam al-Shaafaâi (may Allah have mercy on him) said:
The best is for the imam and the person who prayed behind him to remember Allah after the prayer is over and for them to recite the dhikr quietly, unless the imam has to teach others, in which case he may recite out loud until he thinks that the people have learned from him, then he should recite quietly. Allah, may He be glorified and exalted, says (interpretation of the meaning):
âAnd offer your Salaah (prayer) neither aloud nor in a low voiceâ
referring â and Allah knows best â to duâaaâ (supplication), which should be recited neither in a loud voice nor in such a low voice that you cannot hear yourself.
See also the answer to question no. 145574.
And Allah knows best.