Praise be to Allaah.
The scholars (may Allah have mercy on them) differed concerning the illegitimate child. Is he to be attributed to his zaani father or not? There are two opinions, which have been discussed in the answers to questions no. 33591 and 85043. The more correct view is that he should be attributed only to his mother and that he should not be attributed to the zaani.
Shaykh Ibn âUthaymeen (may Allah have mercy on him) said in Fataawa Islamiyyah (3/370): âWith regard to the child who is born as a result of zina, he is the child of his mother, not of his father, because of the general meaning of the hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: âThe child is to be attributed to the husband and the adulterer deserves nothingâ â i.e., this is not his child. This is what the hadeeth means. If the man marries her after repenting, then the child has been conceived before marriage and repentance and is not his child; he cannot inherit from the man who committed zina even if he claims him as his child, because he is not his legitimate child.â End quote.
Once it is established that the illegitimate child is not to be attributed to the zaani, then he has no âasbah male relatives on the father's side.
It says in Asnaâl-Mataalib (13/288): The illegitimate child has no âasbah because he is not attributed to the father. End quote from Tarqeem al-Shaamilah.
Some of the scholars are of the view that his âasbah with regard to inheritance is his mother, or his motherâs âasbah male relatives on her fatherâs side. With regard to guardianship for marriage and other matters, he has no âasbah.
It says in al-Iqnaaâ (4/505): The âasbah of the illegitimate child is the âasbah of his mother with regard to inheritance only. â¦ But they have no guardianship authority with regard to marriage or other matters. End quote.
Based on that, this girl does not have any guardian on the basis of blood ties, so her guardian is the Muslim ruler, because the Prophet (blessings and peace of Allah be upon him) said: âThe ruler is the guardian of the one who has no guardian.â Narrated by Abu Dawood (2083) and al-Tirmidhi (1102); classed as saheeh by al-Albaani in Saheeh Abi Dawood.
If you are in a country where there is no Muslim ruler, then her guardian is the director of the Islamic Centre in her country; if there is no such person then it is the imam of the mosque.
For more information please see the answer to question no. 7989.
And Allah knows best.