In connection with turning to God, the believers are instructed to pray to God alone and to be sincere in their faith, paying little heed to what the unbelievers feel or say: âPray to God, then, sincere in your faith in Him alone, however hateful this may be to the unbelievers.â The unbelievers will never accept that the believers should hold on sincerely to their faith in God alone and their worship of none but Him. There is no way they will accept this, no matter how much the believers try to appease them. Therefore, the believers should stay their course, praying to God alone, completely sincere and devoted. They should pay no heed to whether the unbelievers are happy with them or not, because they will never be satisfied.
The surah adds at this point the following attributes of God: âHigh above all orders (of being) is He, the Lord of the Throne. By His own will does He bestow revelation on whomever He wills of His servants.â It is God alone who is exalted in His position, high above all orders of being, the Lord of the Throne who controls everything. It is He who gives His orders, which give life to hearts and souls, to those whom He chooses from among His servants. This expression refers to the revelation of the divine message, and it highlights here the fact that Godâs revelations bring life to humanity. It further states that revelation is bestowed from on high to those chosen elite among Godâs servants. All these facts are in harmony with Godâs attributes mentioned earlier in the surah, stating that He is âthe Exalted, the Supreme One.â
The main task undertaken by a servant of God chosen to receive such a message is to deliver a warning: âSo as to warn of the Day when all shall meet Him.â That is the day when people will meet together, and they will also stand face to face with the deeds they did during their lives on earth, and they will meet other creatures such as the jinn, the angels and other types of Godâs creation. All of them will meet their Lord at the time of reckoning. Hence the day is described as âthe day of the meeting.â Furthermore, it is the day when they all stand without any cover to screen their reality. Hence, no one can put up a false image: âThe Day when they shall come forth, with nothing about them concealed from God.â In fact, nothing about them is concealed from God at any time. However, at all times other than that day, they may imagine that they are covered or screened by something or another, or that what they do or say may remain secret. On that day, however, they will be truly exposed, unable to enjoy even an imaginary cover.
Therefore, on that day the arrogant and the mighty are made to face their humble reality. The whole universe stands in awe, and all creatures demonstrate their submission. Sovereignty belongs completely to God, the One who overpowers all. In fact this is true at all times. However, on that day, this fact becomes clear to all and sundry. Every tyrant of old and every conceited person will come to know and feel it. Then every sound dies down and every movement stops. A majestic voice asks a question and replies to it, as there is no one else to ask or reply: âWith whom does sovereignty rest today?â... âWith God, the One who holds absolute sway over all that exists.
âThis day each soul will be requited for what it has earned: No injustice will be done today. God is swift in reckoning.â
An air of awe, heightened by silence spreads. All creatures listen and realize; everything is settled, the reckoning is over. This is in harmony with what the surah said at the outset about those who dispute Godâs revelations: âLet it not deceive you that they seem to be able to do as they please on earth.â
This is the end of unjustified arrogance, tyranny and injustice, as well as of wealth and affluence. The surah instructs the Prophet (peace be upon him) to warn his people about this day. The instruction is given against a backdrop of an image of the Day of Resurrection when God sits alone for judgment. Up till now the surah has not addressed people directly; instead it used a reporting style.
The surah describes the Day of Judgment as ever drawing near, and we perceive it to be hastening toward us. Souls are in distress, pressing against peopleâs throats. They try to suppress their worries and fears, and the effort is difficult. Nevertheless, they can find no one to support or protect them. No one can put up a word of intercession that finds response from anyone. They stand in full view; nothing can conceal their reality. Even a stealthy glance and a heartâs secret is brought into the open: âGod is well aware of the most stealthy glance, and of everything the heart would conceal.â An eye looking stealthily will try hard to conceal its stealthy gaze, but God is well aware of it. A secret may be hidden safely in oneâs soul, but it is not hidden from God who knows it all. On that day, it is God only who passes judgment in fairness. Their alleged deities have nothing to do with such judgment: âGod will judge in accordance with truth and justice, whereas those whom they invoke besides Him cannot judge at all.â His judgment is based on perfect knowledge and full awareness. He will not entertain any injustice for anyone, and He forgets nothing: âGod alone hears all and sees all.â ¬