Historically, the first person to believe in the prophet-hood of Mohammad was Waraqah bin Naufal, an erudite Christian pundit and a priest. The first king to believe in the prophet-hood of Mohammad was Nagus, the then King of Ethiopia. One of the tribes who entered into Islam and believed in the prophet-hood of Mohammad was a Christian tribe from Najran, east of modern day Saudi Arabia. Though genealogically Arabs as an ethnic society is a racial mixture of descendants of Ishmael and Jurhum, most of the original descendants of both Ishmael and Ishaque who constitute the modern Middle Eastern society, the background of Bible’s narration of human history supported this claim by embracing Mohammad as the final prophet. That’s why we do see most of the people from the ancient cradles of human civilization (Tigris and Euphrates, Nile and Sindh) believing in Mohammad as the final prophet.
We all know Mohammad, and according to Michael H. Hart, was the most successful and the greatest of all leaders history has seen. He triggered the collapse of both Roman and Persian empires and his teachings still make frequent interventions in the human life and redirect the course of history. Soviet empire also went crumpled because of him when the Red Army got defeated in Afghanistan. Mohammad’s life was wonder of history for Thomas Carlyle. For La Martin, Gibbon, Arnold Toynbee, H.G. Wells, Wil Durant and for other eminent occidental historians, he was simply the turning point of the modern history. He is the only historical personality whom history has become incapable of leaving behind.
Now, I knew and understood Mohammad as the final prophet and Quran as the only evidence given to him. So, I wanted to know more about the truth Quran and Mohammad have postulated. We cannot allow the truth to become the private property of any sect, section or nation.
The Glorious Quran says human being develops four kinds of relationship with the universe of which only one way is acceptable to God.
Human being is bestowed with intellect and wisdom. So, he is supposed to think beyond and above whatever he experience with the help of the senses given to him. The Glorious Quran says the people who do not think beyond and above their sensual experiences despite the intellect and wisdom bestowed upon them by God develop only an animal relationship with this universe. They are even inferior to the animals since animals are bestowed with instinct but not with intellect and wisdom. The Glorious Quran says: “They have minds wherewith they understand not, and they have eyes wherewith they see not, and they have ears wherewith they hear not. They are like cattle, nay even more astray; those! They are the heedless ones.” (7:179).
Regardless of whether it is true or false, just or unjust, good or evil, human being sometimes develop a relationship with this universe only from the angle of his own vested interest. In this regard, he is more prone to think the world is for him rather than he is for the world. Whatever is materially beneficial for him, he will take it for granted even if it may not be true and good from moral perspective. He will follow anything as long as his vested self-interests are safeguarded. The whole universe itself folds into his self. This kind of relationship can be termed as Utilitarian. A person with this attitude looks into everything come across him from a self-centric viewpoint. In this relationship, hypocrisy may masquerade wearing the attire of the diplomacy. Selfishness is quintessence of this perspective in which people are tend to believe that ruling the hell is better than serving in paradise. Glorious Quran says of these hypocrites: “When they meet those who believe they Say ‘We believe’, but when they are alone with their devils, they say, truly we are with you; verily, we were but mocking.” (2:14).
Can human being with an iota of intellect and wisdom be blind? Even if we may respond this question negatively, most of the people are blind in their belief. If a person develops a kind of blind relationship with anything, he will believe anything and everything out of it even though it may contradict one another. Human being is supposed to accept or reject anything that comes across him with an additive of his own thoughts. The Glorious Quran does want its followers not to develop a kind of blind relationship even with itself. “And those (the Slaves of the Most Beneficent) who, when they are reminded of the Ayat (proofs, evidences, Quranic verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord, fall not deaf and blind thereat.” (25:73).
Thought bound/Rational Relationship
Having explained all three unacceptable relationships with the universe and God, what Glorious Quran wants from human being is to develop a thought bound/rational relationship with himself, the universe surrounding himself and God. “Those who remember Allah standing, sitting and lying down on their sides and think deeply about the creation of the heavens and the earth, (saying) “Our Lord! You have not created (all this without purpose, Glory to You!” (3:191). “He gave you ears, eyes and minds. Little is the thanks you give (undergoing for a thought process).” (32:9). Certainly, a thought bound or rational relationship with the universe has to start thinking of human being itself from Quranic viewpoint. The Holy Quran says, “And on the earth are signs for those who are determined. And also in your ownselves. Will you not then see? (51: 20-21). Human being has to know his own strength and weakness, capabilities and inabilities, frailties and flaws, limits and bounds before he thinks about the universe so that he might be able to save himself from jumping into the easy conclusions. The Glorious Quran Says: “He (human being) puts forth for us a parable and forgets his own nature (and creation)” (36:79). In his thought bound or rational relationship with the universe, he undergoes for an incessant thought process. Therefore, it is better to ponder over the thought process itself through which he tries to unearth the unknown.
Author’s Introduction: P.P. Abdul Razak is a prolific writer besides being a professional in petrochemical industry in Kuwait. He often contributes his valuable thoughts on religion as he is moving with a mission to spread the knowledge of Islam among masses. We highly regard his contribution to IslamOnline.