The Dutch Cabinet moved a step closer Friday to banning the burqa, making good on an election promise that is largely symbolic but has broad public support.
Deputy Prime Minister Maxime Verhagen said the Cabinet agreed on plans to ban the head-to-toe Islamic gown along with other forms of face-covering clothing. The legislation must still be approved by both houses of the Dutch Parliament, a process that could take months.
The ban will also apply to balaclavas and motorcycle helmets when worn in inappropriate places, such as inside a store, Deputy Prime Minister Maxime Verhagen told reporters, denying that this was a ban on religious clothing.
The face-veil law excludes clothing worn for security reasons in the context of the proper activities, such as that worn by firemen and hockey players, as well as party clothing such as Santa Claus or Halloween costumes.
The ban does not apply to religious places, such as churches and mosques, nor to passengers on airplanes or en route via a Dutch airport, the interior ministry said.
"We are confident we have a majority," Interior Minister Liesbeth Spies said.
The new law will be submitted to parliament next week stipulating that offenders would be fined up to 390 euros, the ministry said.
Once seen as one of the world's most tolerant nations, the Netherlands has turned increasingly conservative in recent years and is pushing immigrants more to fully assimilate into mainstream Dutch society.
Anti-Islam lawmaker Geert Wilders welcomed the decision in a tweet as "fantastic news." Wilders' popularity has soared largely due to his strident criticism of Islam, and he has long called for a ban on burqas and similar Islamic face veils known as niqabs.
Even so, the move is largely symbolic â only about 300 women in the Netherlands are believed to wear burqas and they are rarely seen in public.
Muslims, mostly immigrants from Turkey and Morocco, represent about 1 million of the 16.7 million Dutch population.
France and Belgium, which also have large Muslim populations, have already banned the wearing of face veils in public.
Like neighboring Belgium, the Dutch government cited security concerns as a reason for the ban and framed it as a move to safeguard public order and allow all people to "fully participate in society."
"People must be able to look one another in the eye," Verhagen said.
The Dutch decision came despite criticism of the ban from independent advisory panel the Council of State, which reportedly suggested it could amount to an attack on freedom of religion.
Verhagen denied ignoring the advice and said ministers took it into account when laying out the reasons underpinning the legislation.
The government is confident that by citing public order concerns, the legislation will not breach the European Convention on Human Rights.
Leyla Cakir, head of Muslim women's organization Al Nisa, said she was surprised and shocked by the decision.
"You are taking away women's right of self-determination, and it is all based on fear," she said.
But in a statement announcing the decision, the government said it was helping women.
"Having to wear a burqa or niqab in public goes against equality of men and women," the government said. "With this legislation, the Cabinet is removing a barrier to these women participating in society."
Mike Corder, "Dutch Move Step Closer to Banning Burqa" ABC News January 27, 2012
Gilbert Kreijger, "Dutch plan ban on Muslim face veils next year" Reuters January 27, 2012
Reproduced with permission from Islam Today