Sadaqat al-fitr is obligatory upon every Muslim who is self-supporting, if he has one saaâ or more than he needs of food for himself and his family on the day and night of Eid.
The basis for that is the report narrated from Ibn âUmar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: âThe Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) enjoined zakaat al-fitr, a saaâ of dates, or a saaâ of barley, upon all the Muslims, slave and free, male and female, young and old, and he commanded that it be paid before the people went out to pray.â Agreed upon; this version was narrated by al-Bukhaari.
And Abu Saâeed al-Khudri narrated: âWe used to pay zakaat al-fitr when the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) was alive, a saaâ of food or a saaâ of dates or a saaâ of barley or a saaâ of raisins or a saaâ of dried yoghurt.â Agreed upon.
It is acceptable to give a saaâ of the local staple food such as rice etc.
What is meant by a saaâ here is the saaâ of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), which is four times the amount that may be held in the two hands of a man of average build. If a person does not pay zakaat al-fitr, he is sinning, and he has to make it up.
With regard to the hadeeth mentioned, we do not know whether it is saheeh or not.
We ask Allaah to give you strength and to make our words and deeds and yours righteous.
And Allaah is the Source if strength.
Standing Committee for Academic Research and Issuing Fatwas, 9/364