Sheikh Salman al-Oadah
Al-Mughîrah b. Shu`bah relates that Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) performed wudû’ and wiped over his forelock and his turban and his socks. [Sahîh Muslim]
Scholars interpret this hadîth in different ways, and based on their interpretation, they differ about the legal ruling it gives evidence for.
Some scholars cite it as evidence for the permissibility of wiping over the turban instead of wiping over the head – in the same way that we can wipe over the socks. Other scholars see the hadîth as evidence that we only have to wipe over a portion of the head in wudû'.
The strongest of the two opinions – and Allah knows best – is that it is sufficient to wipe over the turban when performing wudû’. It is a concession like wiping over the socks. It is allowed to alleviate difficulty. Therefore, the conditions for wiping the socks should be observed.
The following conditions for wiping over the turban have been expressed by some jurists:
1. It should be difficult to remove.
2. The turban should cover the area of the head customarily covered by a turban. A little bit of hair that usually can be seen from the sides is overlooked, as are the ears and the sides of the head.
3. The turban should be put on while a person is in a state of ritual purity
4. Permissibility for wiping over the turban has a timeframe for it just like wiping over the socks has a timeframe for it. This is the official position of the Hanbalî school of law. Ibn Hazm was of the opinion that there is no such timeframe, and this is another opinion found in the Hanbalî school of law.
A woman’s headscarf takes the same ruling as the turban. Therefore, she may wipe over it if it is difficult for her to remove it or if she is in circumstances where she needs to keep it on her head.
Ibn al-Mundhir relates from Umm Salamah that “she wiped over her headscarf”.
Ibn Abî Shaybah relates this opinion from al-Hasan al-Basrî. It is also the opinion of the Hanbalî school of law and that of Ibn Hazm.
And Allah knows best.
Source: Islam Today