Islam, Islamic, Islamic News, Fatwa's and Islamic Business/Finance with Islam Online - The premier and trusted provider of online Islamic content.

Shares of parents & siblings

Published: 27/08/2011 05:56:00 PM GMT
Related Stories

Do parents inherit from their offspring? Do sisters and brothers inherit from each other? What is the share that is received by the father, mother, brother or sister?


Answered by

the Fatwa Department Research Committee - chaired by Sheikh `Abd al-Wahhâb al-Turayrî

The parents of the deceased receive a share of inheritance. The share varies depending on who the other inheritors are.

The brothers and sisters of the deceased receive a share of the inheritance in certain cases, the amount of which again depends on who the other inheritors are.

As for the determination of these shares, it is as follows:

The Father:

The share received by father of the deceased varies according to three sets of circumstances:

1. If the deceased has a male child or more, then the father receives one-sixth of the estate.

2. If the deceased has only a daughter or daughters, then the father initially receives one-sixth, then he receives any remainder left over after the other inheritors receive their shares.

3. If the deceased leaves no children, then the father receives the entire estate after other inheritors (like the deceased’s wife and mother, for instance) receive their allotted shares.

The Mother:

The share received by father of the deceased varies according to three sets of circumstances:

1. If the deceased has one or more male or female children or has two or more brothers who survive him, then the mother of the deceased receives one-sixth of the estate.

2. If the deceased leaves behind no children, and one brother or no brothers at all, nor a spouse nor a father, then the mother receives one-third of the estate.

3. If the inheritors are none other than the father, mother, and the spouse of the deceased, ten the mother receives one third of the estate that remains after the spouse receives his or her share.

Full Brothers & Paternal Half Brothers:

The brothers of the deceased do not have a specified, fixed share. They only receive the remained that is left over after the inheritors with fixed shares receive their due. There are third in line to be entitled to this remainder after the children and the father of the deceased, with preference given to the full brothers over the paternal half brothers.

Full Sisters & Paternal Half Sisters:

A solitary surviving full sister of the deceased will receive one-half of the inheritance if there are no surviving sons or brothers of the deceased. If there are two or more full sisters in this situation, then they will collectively receive two-thirds of the estate.

They likewise can have a complementary share along with the daughters and brothers of the deceased. This happens when the deceased is survived by a solitary daughter and a sister. In this case the sister will receive one-sixth of the estate and the daughter will receive one-half. This also happens when there are brothers and sisters, for in this case the remainder inheritance is divided up between them, with each brother receiving twice the amount received by each sister.

Paternal half-sisters take the same set of rulings, except that they come after the full sisters in entitlement. Therefore, the division of inheritance that exists between a paternal half sister and a full sister is the same as that which exists between a full sister and a daughter.

Maternal Brothers & Sisters

If the deceased is survived by a solitary maternal half-brother or maternal half-sister, she will receive one-sixth of the estate if the deceased leaves behind no child or father as an inheritor. If there are two or more maternal half-siblings and the deceased leaves behind no child or father as an inheritor, then they will share equally in one-third of the estate.

And Allah knows best.

Source: Islam Today




Loading comments ...

Advertisement







Advertisment