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My Companions are like stars...

Published: 27/08/2011 05:42:00 PM GMT
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It is often related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: “My Companions are like stars, whomever among them you follow, you will be guided.” Is this hadîth authentic?


Answered by

the Fatwa Department Research Committee - chaired by Sheikh `Abd al-Wahhâb al-Turayrî

The following hadîth convey this meaning, all of which are either extremely weak or clearly fabricated:

The first hadîth: “My Companions are like stars, by whichever of them you follow, you will be guided.”

This hadîth is related by Ibn `Abd al-Barr in Jâmi` Bayân al-`Ilm wa Fadlih (2/925 - 1760) and by Ibn Hazm in al-Ihkâm (6/82).

Its chain of transmission is as follows:

Salâm b. Sulaym from al-Hârith b. Ghasîn from al-A`mash from Abû Sufyân from Jâbir and attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Al-Albânî declares this hadîth to be a fabrication. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (1/144)]

He cites the following reasons:

1. Salâm b. Sulaym (alternatively Salâm b. Sulaymân) is a weak narrator by the unanimous agreement of the scholars. Ibn Kharrâss declares him to be a liar. Ibn Hibbân says about him: “He related fabricated hadîth.”

Ibn Hazm, upon narrating this hadîth, says: “This narration is debased…Salâm b. Sulaymân related fabricated hadîth, and this is undoubtedly one of them.”

2. Al-Hârith b. Ghasîn is an unknown narrator, in spite of Ibn Hibbân mentioning him in al-Thiqât. Ibn `Abd al-Barr, upon narrating this hadîth says about it: “This chain of transmission does not hold up as evidence, because al-Hârith b. Ghasîn is unknown.”

The second hadîth: “Whatever you are given of the Book, you must act upon it. None of you has any excuse to abandon it. Then if it is not (to be found) in Allah’s Book, then a Sunnah from me which has passed. And if there is no Sunnah from me that has passed, then in what my Companions have said. Indeed, my Companions have the status of the stars in the sky, so from whomever you take, you will be guided. And the disagreement of my Companions is a mercy for you.”

This hadîth is related by al-Khatîb al-Baghdâdî in al-Kifâyah fî `Ilm al-Riwâyah (48), al-Daylamî in Musnad al-Firdaws (4/75) Ibn `Asâkir (7/315/2) and al-Bayhaqî in al-Madkhal (152).

Its chain of transmission is as follows:

Sulaymân b.Abî Karîmah from Juwaybir from al-Dahhâk from Ibn `Abbâs and attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Al-Albânî declares this hadîth to be a fabrication. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (1/146)]

He cites the following reasons:

1. Juwaybir b. Sa`d al-Azdî is a rejected narrator, as stated by al-Dâraqutnî, al-Nasâ’î and others. Ibn al-Madînî declares him to be extremely weak.

2. al-Dahhâk b. Mazâhim al-Hilâlî never met Ibn `Abbâs.

Al-Albânî says: “The reality is that this hadîth is extremely weak, on account of the state of Juwaybir.” He then explains that its meaning indicates that it is actually fabricated, as indicated by the other fabricated hadîth that come with this meaning. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (147)]

The third hadîth: I asked my Lord regarding what my Companions will disagree about after my time. So Allah revealed to me: O Muhammad! Indeed your Companions have to Me the status of the stars in the sky, some more luminous than others. So whosoever adheres to something from the matters in which they disagree, then he is to Me upon guidance.

This hadîth is related by Ibn Battah in al-Ibânah (4/11/2), al-Daylamî in Musnad al-Firdaws (2/190), Ibn `Asâkir (6/303/1) and others.

Its chain of transmission is as follows:

Nu`aym b. Hammâd from `Abd al-Rahîm b. Zayd al-`Ammî from his father from Sa`îd b. al-Musayyib, from `Umar b. al-Khattâb and attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Al-Albânî declares this hadîth to be a fabrication. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (1/148)]

He cites the following reasons:

1. Nu`aym b. Hammâd is a weak narrator. Ibn Hajar al-`Asqalâni says about him: “He makes many mistakes.”

2. `Abd al-Rahîm b. Zayd al-`Ammî is a liar.

Ibn al-Jawzî writes in al-`Ilal al-Mutanâhiyah: “This is unauthentic. Nu`aym is a criticized narrator and Ibn Ma`în says about `Abd al-Rahîm that he is a liar.”

The fourth hadîth: “My Companions are naught but like stars, so whatever statement of theirs you adhere to, you will be guided.”

This hadîth is related with a complete chain of transmission by `Abd b. Humayd in al-Muntakhab min al-Musnad (1/86) and by Ibn Battah in al-Ibânah (4/11/2). It is related by Ibn `Abd al-Barr in Jâmi` Bayân al-`Ilm wa Fadlih (2/924 - 1759) with an incomplete chain of transmission, and from him by Ibn Hazm.

Its chain of transmission is as follows:

Abû Shihâb al-Hannât from Hamzah al-Jazarî from Nâfi` from Ibn `Umar and attributed to the Prophet (peace be upon him).

Ibn `Abd al-Barr, after relating this hadîth, says: “This chain of transmission is not authentic. No one narrates it from Nâfi` whose narrations can be upheld as evidence.”

Al-Albânî declares this hadîth to be a fabrication. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (1/149)]

Hamzah b. Abî Hamzah al-Jazarî is a rejected narrator. Al-Dâraqutnî declares him as such. Ibn `Adî says: “The majority of his narrations are fabricated.”

Ibn Hibbân says: “He relates fabricated hadîth that he alone relates by way of trustworthy narrators. It is as if he does so intentionally. It is not permissible to relate from him.”

Al-Dhahabî, in Mizân al-I`tidâl, enumerates a number of the fabricated hadîth that are related by Hamzah al-Jazarî and mentions this hadîth among them.

The fifth hadîth: “The parable of my Companions is that of the stars; whoever guides himself by any of them is guided.”

This hadîth is related by al-Qudâ`î (2/109).

Its chain of transmission is as follows:

Ja`far b. `Abd al-Wâhid from Wahb b. Jarîr b. Hâzim from his father from al- A`mash from Abû Sâlih from Abû Hurayrah and attributed to the Prophet.

Al-Albânî declares this hadîth to be a fabrication. [al-Silsilah al-Da`îfah (1/631)]

Ja`far b. `Abd al-Wâhid is a known fabricator of hadîth. Al-Dâraqutnî says about him: “He fabricates hadîth.”

Abû Zur`ah al-Râzî says about him: “He related hadîth that have no basis to them.”

Al-Dhahabî enumerates a number of hadîth that he accuses him of fabricating, among them this hadîth, and comments: “This is one of his afflictions.”

Source: Islam Today




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