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Reading the Qur’ân at the graveside

Published: 25/08/2011 11:47:00 AM GMT
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Can we recite Qur’ân at the graves for the dead? Can we hire people for this purpose?

Answered by

Sheikh `Alî A. al-Jumu`ah, professor at al-Imâm University, Qasîm Branch

As for reciting Qur’ân to please the dead, the permissibility of doing so has been mentioned by Ibn `Umar, al-Shâfi`î, al-Sha`bî, and Ahmad in one of his opinions.

Ibn al-Qayyim says: “It has been related from some of the pious predecessors that they wished to have the Qur’ân recited at the time of their burial. `Abd al-Haqq relates that `Abd Allah b. `Umar requested that Sûrah al-Baqarah be read at his grave. Al-Ma`lâ b. `Abd al-Rahmân saw this as correct. Imam Ahmad used to denounce it because he knew of no textual evidence to support it, then he recanted this position later on.”

Al-`Alâ’ b. al-Jallâj relates that his father said: “When I die, place me in my grave. Read over my head the beginning of Sûrah al-Baqarah, for I heard `Abd Allah b. `Umar mention this.” [al-Khalâl in his Jâmi`]

`Alî b. Mûsâ al-Haddâd said: “I was with Ahmad b. Hanbal and Muhammad b. Qudâmah al-Jawharî during a funeral. When the body was buried, a blind man began reading the Qur’ân. Ahmad said to him: ‘Reading the Qur’ân at the grave is an innovation.’ When we left the graveyard, Muhammad b. Qudâmah said to Ahmad: ‘What do you say about Mubashshir al-Halabî?’ Ahmad replied: ‘He is a reliable narrator. Have you recorded anything from him?’ Muhammad b. Qudâmah said: “Yes. Mubashshir informed me that Al-`Alâ’ b. al-Jallâj relates that his father said: “When I die, place me in my grave…read over my head the beginning and the end of Sûrah al-Baqarah, for I heard `Abd Allah b. `Umar bequeath this.”’ Ahmad then said: ‘Go back and tell that man to keep reciting.’”

Al-Hasan b. al-Sabbâh al-Za`farânî asked al-Shâfi`î about reading Qur’ân at the grave. Al-Shâfi`î said: “There is nothing wrong with it.”

Al-Hallâl related that al-Sha`bî said: “The Ansâr would go to the grave of one who died and recite the Qur’ân at the grave.”

This is what the pious predecessors had to say on this matter. As for what some people do by constructing canopies, holding ceremonies, and gathering together to read the Qur’ân over the soul of the deceased, even going so far as to hire Qur’ân reciters for the purpose, this is all innovation. We should neither engage in such ceremonies nor provide funds for them, because this has not been confirmed by the Prophet (peace be upon him) nor the Companions. There is not even a weak hadîth to support such ceremonies.

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

Source: Islam Today

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