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Conceptualizing Orthodox Sufism

Published: 31/03/2014 10:19:00 PM GMT
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There are two types of Sufism: authentic and pseudo, or theosophical, Sufism. Authentic, or orthodox, Sufism is a product of Islam alone, and hence must be studied primarily against the backdrop of the Islamic message as a criterion and standard.

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Assoc. Prof. Dr. Spahic Omer Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design International Islamic University Malaysia E-mail: